This digital-based Industry 4.0 originates from a German national strategic initiative. Germany is one of the world’s industry leaders that quickly foresee the changing trends and maintain its world leading position in terms of manufacturing. In 2013, the German government announced policies regarding any aspects in industrial sector that need further improvement. Information technology system has been playing an integral role in operation, as well as information system among tools and state-of-art technology that meets consumers’ needs better than before. This policy was designed to support the changing world with rising population, to understand diversity, to reduce an unnecessary use of resources, and to meet the needs inclusively.
Relationship Between Industry 4.0 and Thailand 4.0
Industry 4.0 is an economics-driven policy at a global level. Its name varies depending on each country such as Industry 4.0 (Germany), Smart Manufacturing (USA), Factories of the Future or FoF (European Union), Industrial Value Chain Initiatives or IVI (Japan), and Made in China 2025 (China). Its objectives include transforming industrial manufacturing pattern to digital system and connecting different parties via Internet in order to meet a more diverse need as mentioned above.
On the other hand, Thailand 4.0 strategic initiative is an approach that the Thai government uses to develop domestic economy holistically. They want to lift the national income classification from middle to higher level. Thailand has been at this level, or as often heard as the “middle-income trap,” for over 20 years. More technology, innovation, and digital system will play an important role in consistent with the world trends. There were 3 economic transitions before Thailand 4.0, which will be described briefly as follows: